License Certifications and Apportionments

Site: WSFR Training Portal
Course: WSFR Training Portal
Book: License Certifications and Apportionments
Printed by:
Date: Sunday, December 5, 2021, 8:42 AM

Overview

License Certifications and Apportionments Overview

Background

The Wildlife and Sport Fish Restoration (WSFR) Program is the largest grants program in the Department of the Interior (DOI), managing over a billion dollars in grants to recipients across the U.S. annually for species and habitat conservation, recreation, and outdoor education. The Pittman-Robertson Wildlife Restoration Act (PR), passed in 1937, and the Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish Restoration Act (DJ), passed in 1950, authorized grant programs that provide funding to States and territories for on-the-ground wildlife and fisheries conservation. No other single conservation effort in the United States can claim a greater contribution to fish and wildlife conservation than the excise tax-funded portion of the WSFR Program. For almost a century, the American public has benefitted from the PR and DJ programs, in what is considered the "North American Conservation Model". Outdoor enthusiasts get more and better places to hunt, fish and recreate; the industry gets a growing base of hunters, shooters, anglers, boaters, archers, and other recreational users who purchase more supplies and equipment; and State and Federal agencies get more funds to meet on-the-ground conservation needs. The general public benefits from better stewardship of the nations natural resources.

Industry partners pay excise taxes and import duties on equipment and gear manufactured for purchase by hunters, anglers, boaters, archers, and recreational shooters. Manufacturers, producers and importers pay an excise tax on shooting, archery, and angling equipment. Recreational boaters also contribute with fuel and electric motor taxes. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service administers the Wildlife and Sport Fish Restoration Programs and distributes funds to State fish and wildlife resource agencies. Each year, millions of dollars are dedicated to fish and wildlife restoration and enhancement projects across the country. For more information and visit the WSFR About Us page. 

How are funds apportioned?

To account for vast differences in land area and population size among the states, a formula was created to calculate how much money each state should receive, taking into consideration both the size of the state and the number of licensed hunters and anglers residing there. States and territories receive PR and DJ funds through formula-based permanent appropriations. The distribution formulas are based primarily on land and water area and the number of paid recreational hunting and fishing license holders in each State. State agencies can use funds for a variety of purposes, as long as they accomplish program goals and are eligible under the Acts. Grants typically fund up to 75 percent of the project costs. Most States must provide a matching share of up to 25 percent. Usually the matching share comes from State hunting and fishing license revenues. To learn more about how funds are collected and apportioned by program, visit the WSFR-Administered Programs page. 

As part of the apportionments formula, each state provides the Service with certification of the number of hunting and fishing licenses sold annually. 


Historical License Data Index

Hunting License Data
Fishing License Data


Hunting License Data

Historical Hunting License Data

Hunting license information is collected annually from state, territory and insular areas license certifications.

Historical hunting license data for 2020 (95 KB PDF)

Historical hunting license data for 2019 (101 KB PDF)

Historical hunting license data for 2018 (80 KB PDF)

Historical hunting license data for 2017 (33 KB PDF)

Historical hunting license data for 2016 (33 KB PDF)

Historical hunting license data for 2004 to 2015 (106 KB PDF)

Historical hunting license data for 1958 to 2003 (665 KB PDF)


Fishing License Data

Historical Fishing License Data

Fishing license information is collected annually from state, territory and insular areas license certifications.

Historical fishing license data for 2020 (95 KB PDF)

Historical fishing license data for 2019 (101 KB PDF)

Historical fishing license data for 2018 (80 KB PDF)

Historical fishing license data for 2017 (33 KB PDF)

Historical fishing license data for 2016 (33 KB PDF)

Historical fishing license data for 2004 to 2015 (105 KB PDF)

Historical fishing license data for 1958 to 2003 (521 KB PDF)


Apportionments

Index

Wildlife Restoration Program - Funding

Excise taxes on firearms, ammunitions, archery equipment and arrow components are collected and appropriated from the Wildlife Restoration Account to provide grant funds for the Wildlife Restoration Program. The funds are made available to states and insular areas through financial assistance grants. The amount of funding available is based on an apportionment formula.

2020 WR Final Apportionment

2019 WR Final Apportionment

2018 WR Final Apportionment

2017 WR Final Apportionment

2016 WR Final Apportionment

2015 WR Final Apportionment

2014 WR Final Apportionment

2013 WR Final Apportionment

2012 WR Final Apportionment

2011 WR Final Apportionment

2010 WR Final Apportionment

2009 WR Final Apportionment

2008 WR Final Apportionment

2007 WR Final Apportionment

1939 through 2019 WR Apportionments (includes Hunter Ed)