Glossary of Terms, Acronyms and Definitions


The glossary is  your key to decoding acronyms, terms and definitions throughout the site. 

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Account and Subaccount

Means the fiscal management designation used in the Service’s financial system to identify funds by allocation. When WSFR Headquarters apportions BHE, EHE, and WR funds, they are electronically transferred to an account or subaccount and are accessible to Regions through the Service’s financial system. When a State determines how they wish to use those funds, they notify their Regional WSFR Office and WSFR fiscal staff will assign funds to the appropriate account or subaccount in the Service's financial system.

Entry link: Account and Subaccount

Acquire Land

Means taking ownership or control of a designated area of land or an interest in land by purchase, exchange, assignment, reversion, gift, eminent domain, or any other method consistent with State or Federal law. The purpose of the acquisition could be for new construction or to expand an existing facility. There is no requirement for the amount of acres acquired – the State must demonstrate in the grant application that the acquisition is sufficient for the purposes of the award.

Entry link: Acquire Land


Taking ownership or control of a designated area of land or an interest in land by purchase, exchange, assignment, reversion, gift, eminent domain, or any other method consistent with State or Federal law 

Entry link: Acquisition

Acquisition Cost

The cost of the asset including the cost to ready the asset for its intended use.  Acquisition cost for equipment, for example, means the net invoice price of the equipment, including the cost of any modifications, attachments, accessories, or auxiliary apparatus necessary to make it usable for the purpose for which it is acquired. Acquisition costs for software includes those development costs capitalized in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Ancillary charges, such as taxes, duty, protective in transit insurance, freight, and installation may be included in or excluded from the acquisition cost in accordance with the non-Federal entity's regular accounting practices.

Entry link: Acquisition Cost


An activity further defines the specific outputs (units of measures) for the objective. For each standard objective, a user must select one or more activity tags that further describe the objective. 

Entry link: Activity


Americans with Disabilities Act

Entry link: ADA

Additive Program Income

The default method of program income disposition for institutions of higher education (IHEs) and nonprofit research institutions. Funding used in accordance with the additive method must be approved in award per regulation.

Entry link: Additive Program Income

Administrative Module

The Administrative module is used by state and territories that receive grants to enter, review, certify, and submit the number of paid hunting and fishing license holders on a annual basis. Hunting and fishing license holder figures are used in the calculation of grant funding available to each state and territory.

Entry link: Administrative Module

Advance Payment

A payment that a Federal awarding agency or pass-through entity makes by any appropriate payment mechanism, including a predetermined payment schedule, before the non-Federal entity disburses the funds for program purposes.

Entry link: Advance Payment


The Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies.

Entry link: AFWA

Age Discrimination

A law against age discrimination related to the sale or renting or a property became law in 1972. Proven violations of this law result in a possible fine and the loss of federal dollars. Lending institutions and title closing companies also fall under the wide scope of this law.

Entry link: Age Discrimination


American League of Anglers and Boaters.

Entry link: ALAB


Means to assign funds to a specific purpose.

Entry link: Allocate


The process of assigning a cost, or a group of costs, to one or more cost objective(s), in reasonable proportion to the benefit provided or other equitable relationship. The process may entail assigning a cost(s) directly to a final cost objective or through one or more intermediate cost objectives.

Entry link: Allocation

Allowable Cost

Cost, incurred by a non-Federal entity carrying out a grant that meets certain criteria set forth in the applicable Federal cost principles.

These costs may be direct or indirect cots either charged to the award or used to meet match requirements.
Entry link: Allowable Cost


Is any post award action taken on a grant, including but limited to budget revisions, change in scope, and change in period of performance.

Entry link: Amendment


Administrative Procedures Act

Entry link: APA


Area of Potential Effect

Entry link: APE

Application for Federal Assistance (AFA)

The Standard OMB form, Application for Federal Assistance (SF-424, AFA) used to submit a request for grant funding. It is used as the cover sheet for the grant application package.

Entry link: Application for Federal Assistance (AFA)

Application Package

Applicants are responsible for (1) preparing and submitting application packages in accordance with the program’s Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO), and (2) providing assurances of their intent to comply with all applicable Federal laws, regulations, and policies. Included in the application package are proposal documents outlining in sufficient detail the need, objectives, approach, estimated costs, and other required information for the proposed project(s).

Entry link: Application Package

Apportioned Funds

Funds are those that are awarded to a State based on formulas in the Wildlife Restoration Act. Wildlife Restoration (WR, see (17)) funds are apportioned using the formula at 16 U.S.C. 669c(b), Basic Hunter Education (BHE, see (6)) funds are apportioned using the formula at 669c(c), and Enhanced Hunter Education (EHE, see (9)) are apportioned using the formula at 16 U.S.C. 669c(c) and according to the criteria at 16 U.S.C. 669h-1(a).

Entry link: Apportioned Funds


A federal budget process which distributes funds to States from the Wildlife Restoration, Sport Fish Restoration, and State Wildlife Grants programs based on a pre-determined formula.

Entry link: Apportionment


A written statement independently and impartially prepared by a qualified appraiser setting forth an opinion of defined value of an adequately described property as of a specific date, supported by the presentation and analysis of relevant market information.

Entry link: Appraisal

Appraisal Review

The act or process of developing and communicating an opinion about the quality of another appraiser's work.

Entry link: Appraisal Review


The "Approach" is a critical element in the Project Statement that describes the methods used to achieve the stated objectives.  It describes the specific conservation actions (i.e., and efforts that the applicant will implement to order to fulfill the objectives of the Federal award.

Entry link: Approach


Anything attached to a piece of land or building such that it becomes a part of that property.

Entry link: Appurtenances


Soft deletes the project statement, which enables users to preserve data that is not being approved.

Entry link: Archive


Assistant Regional Director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Entry link: ARD


American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.

Entry link: ARRA


American Sports Fishing Association.

Entry link: ASA


Automated System for Award Payment, managed by U.S. Treasury – Financial Management Service (FMS). It is a centralized payment system that makes payments for FMS and other Federal agencies.

Entry link: ASAP


Tangible and intangible property that is owned or controlled to produce value and that is held to have positive economic value.

Entry link: Assets

Audit Finding

Deficiencies which the auditor is required by § 200.516(a) to report in the schedule of findings and questioned costs.

Entry link: Audit Finding


Any non-Federal entity that expends Federal awards which must be audited under 2 CFR 200 subpart F.

Entry link: Auditee


An auditor who is a public accountant or a Federal, State, local government, or Indian tribe audit organization, which meets the general standards specified for external auditors in generally accepted government auditing standards (GAGAS). The term auditor does not include internal auditors of non profit organizations.

Entry link: Auditor


DOI Appraisal and Valuation Services Office.

Entry link: AVSO


Federal assistance in the form of grant or cooperative agreement.  An award may be in the form of money or technical assistance. 

Once an award is approved, the Program Office obligates the funds and sends the official award letter to the recipient. Included in the letter are the authorized award amount, terms and conditions, and start and end dates of the award.

Entry link: Award

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