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Glossary: Glossary of Terms, Acronyms and Definitions

E.O. 12372

Executive Order 12372

EA - Environmental Assessment

Is a public document that a Federal agency prepares under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) to provide sufficient evidence and analysis to determine whether a proposed agency action would require preparation of an environmental impact statement (EIS) or a finding of no significant impact.


Easement is a partial interest in a designated area of land owned by another entity. The holder of the easement may have the right to (1) use the land or the area above or below its surface for a specific purpose, or (2) prevent specific uses of the land. An easement does not allow its holder to take anything from the land.


A legally binding limitation on a specific parcel of real property. It may also refer to the effect of the limitation on the owner’s rights. To encumber the title is to establish a limitation. An encumbrance may lessen the value of the real property or burden, obstruct, or impair its use, but not necessarily prevent transfer of title. Many encumbrances, but not all, are recorded in a body of public records. An encumbrance may be any of the following:

(1) A right or interest in a property held by one who is the not the owner of the property, e.g., easements, profit à prendre, mineral rights, leases, or assignment of rights.

(2) Restriction of a new owner’s real property rights by reservation or deed restriction.

(3) A claim against the owner’s property rights as security for a debt, such as a mortgage, judgment lien, or tax lien.

(4) A liability binding on real property or its owner that requires a specific treatment of the land or management of the habitat. It may be in the form of a contract or condition(s) of a permit.

Enhanced Hunter Education (EHE)

Means the program authorized at 16 U.S.C. 669h-1, described at 50 CFR 80.50(c), and sometimes referred to by practitioners as “Section 10 Hunter Ed” to describe where in the Wildlife Restoration Act the section authorizing the program was added by Pub. L. 106-408 (November 1, 2000).

Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)

Environmental Impact Statement is a study undertaken in order to assess the effect on a specified environment of the introduction of any new factor, which may upset the current ecological balance.  The term is often used to describe the study report that is prepared.


Equipment means tangible personal property (including information technology systems) having a useful life of more than one year and a per-unit acquisition cost which equals or exceeds the lesser of the capitalization level established by the non-Federal entity for financial statement purposes, or $5,000.


Endangered Species Act (1973)


Environmental System Research Institute provides maps from ArcGIS with satellite, street, topographical and shaded relief basemap layers.

Executive Order (EO)

A directive issued to executive-level agencies, department heads, or other employees from the President under the President's statutory or constitutional powers.