Glossary of Terms, Acronyms and Definitions


The glossary is  your key to decoding acronyms, terms and definitions throughout the site. 

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Financial and Business Management  System - A functionality-driven SAP solution designed to incorporate the majority of the Department of Interior's financial management functions into one system, eliminating DOI and bureau-specific systems. 

Entry link: FBMS

Federal Agency

An “agency” as defined at 5 U.S.C. 551(1) and further clarified by 5 U.S.C. 552(f).

Entry link: Federal Agency

Federal Aid Information Management System (FAIMS)

An integrated computer based management system used to administer WSFR Program grants, which was decommissioned in 2012.

Entry link: Federal Aid Information Management System (FAIMS)

Federal Assistance (FA)

The Division of Federal Assistance (formerly Federal Aid) is responsible for administering many federal grant programs to help States and other grantees to meet the needs of the public for fish and wildlife resources. Note: Name changed in 2008 to Wildlife & Sport Fish Restoration Program (WSFR Program).

Entry link: Federal Assistance (FA)

Federal Audit Clearinghouse (FAC)

The clearinghouse designated by OMB as the repository of record where non-Federal entities are required to transmit the information required by 2 CFR 200 subpart F.

Entry link: Federal Audit Clearinghouse (FAC)

Federal Award

Depending on the context, in either paragraph (1) or (2) of this definition:


(i)    The Federal financial assistance that a recipient receives directly from a Federal awarding  agency or indirectly from a pass-through entity, as described in § 200.101; or 

(ii)    The cost-reimbursement contract under the Federal Acquisition Regulations that a non-Federal entity receives directly from a Federal awarding agency or indirectly from a pass-through entity, as described in § 200.101.

(2)   The instrument setting forth the terms and conditions. The instrument is the grant agreement, cooperative agreement, other agreement for assistance covered in paragraph (2) of the definition of Federal financial assistance in this section, or the cost-reimbursement contract awarded under the Federal Acquisition Regulations.

(3)   Federal award does not include other contracts that a Federal agency uses to buy goods or services from a contractor or a contract to operate Federal Government owned, contractor operated facilities (GOCOs).

(4)   See also definitions of Federal financial assistance, grant agreement, and cooperative agreement.

Entry link: Federal Award

Federal Award Date

The date the Federal award is signed by the authorized official of the Federal awarding agency.

Entry link: Federal Award Date

Federal Awarding Agency

The Federal agency that provides a Federal award directly to a non-Federal entity.

Entry link: Federal Awarding Agency

Federal Financial Assistance

(1)   Assistance that non-Federal entities receive or administer in the form of:

(i)    Grants;

(ii)    Cooperative agreements;

(iii)   Non-cash contributions or donations of property (including donated surplus property);

(iv)   Direct appropriations;

(v)    Food commodities; and

(vi)   Other financial assistance (except assistance listed in paragraph (2) of this definition).

(2)   For § 200.203 and subpart F of this part, Federal financial assistance also includes assistance that non-Federal entities receive or administer in the form of:

(i)    Loans;

(ii)    Loan Guarantees;

(iii)   Interest subsidies; and

(iv)   Insurance.

(3)   For § 200.216, Federal financial assistance includes assistance that non-Federal entities receive or administer in the form of:

(i)    Grants;

(ii)    Cooperative agreements;

(iii)    Loans; and

(iv)    Loan Guarantees.

(4)    Federal financial assistance does not include amounts received as reimbursement for services rendered to individuals as described in § 200.502(h).

Entry link: Federal Financial Assistance

Federal Interest

For purposes of 200.330 or when used in connection with the acquisition or improvement of real property, equipment, or supplies under a Federal award, the dollar amount that is the product of the:

(1)   The percentage of Federal participation in the total cost of the real property, equipment, or supplies; and

(2)   Current fair market value of the property, improvements, or both, to the extent the costs of  acquiring or improving the property were included as project costs.

Entry link: Federal Interest

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